10 Instructional Moves Defined

Lesson design and planning play an important role in student and teacher success. There is a saying in education: "The best classroom management strategy begins with a good lesson plan." To support our LiteracyTA members, we have aligned our 10 Instruction Moves to Marzano and Danielson's teaching frameworks. Although our 10 Instructional Moves do not explicitly call out classroom practices like rapport building and managing the physical space in the classroom, our skill-based pedagogy, activities, and academic literacy skills are designed to promote safe learning environments, strong literacy culture, and transparent, high level instruction. 

Move 1 asks you to identify content standards.

In Move 2, select a text that helps you teach the standards you selected in Move 1. 

For Move 3, you will want to identify critical concepts in the source you have selected that students need to know well.

Move 4 asks you to develop a performance task that will help focus the lesson, provide purpose for the reading, and guide both formative and summative assessments. Our performance tasks should be directly related to the standards and assist with how our students interact with new information.

We want to have fun with Move 5. There are lots of engaging activities we can use to bridge to students' prior knowledge or create interest. We can show a short film clip, create an anticipation guide, or have students engage in informal speaking or writing tasks.

In Moves 6-8, you want to identify literacy skills in our Skill Library that help you directly teach the standards and identify scaffolds like collaborative work to support student learning. When mapping standards to skills, consider using our Common Core section. In this section, we have aligned Reading SkillsWriting Skills, and Speaking Skills to the Common Core Anchor Standards.

We should have students working together as often as possible. The Lesson Plan Template allows you to add collaborative elements to each literacy standard and/or skill. Planning for multiple collaborative experiences will help you build a student centered lesson that is highly engaging. 

Plan your formative and summative assessments in Move 9. We recommend planning formative assessments throughout the lesson. We are interested in assessing the process as much as assessing the product.

Finally, Move 10 is about reflecting on learning. We want students to track their progress and reflect on their own learning goals. This is also a time for us (teachers) to reflect on the effectiveness of our lessons and think about where we can improve.

Guides and Resources

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Literacy Standards In Action

We've mapped our literacy lessons and reading, speaking, and writing skills to state standards, Common Core, and NGSS. The standards are "the what" to teach. Our lessons are "the how" to meet the expectations defined by the standards. Click on the links below to view our quick reference table that maps standards to literacy lessons.

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