Synthesizing Claims

Speaker/Writer's will make claims implicitly and explicitly throughout a text. Students must learn how to identify these claims and synthesize them into a concise statement that accurately accounts for a speaker/writer's central claim. This lesson will support students as they learn how to summarize a speaker/writer's central claim.

Where is this in the Reading Process: Step 5

Explicitly Teach: Explain. Connect. Model. Practice.

Cycle of Independence: I do. We do. They do. You do.

Origin: This work is inspired in part by Liane Bryson, a professor in the Rhetoric and Writing Studies Department, San Diego State University. Jonathan LeMaster's work on rhetorical reading and writing is the main influence behind this activity/skill.

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Synthesizing Claims Step-By-Step Process

Plan your lesson Plan your lesson

Planning Journal

Teach the skill Teach the skill

Student Activity
Interactive Lesson

Differentiate and support learning Differentiate and support learning

Reading Rubrics

Assess and track growth Assess and track growth

Performance Tracker
Teacher Reflection

Student samples


Literacy Standards In Action

We've mapped our literacy lessons and reading, speaking, and writing skills to state standards, Common Core, and NGSS. The standards are "the what" to teach. Our lessons are "the how" to meet the expectations defined by the standards. Click on the links below to view our quick reference table that maps standards to literacy lessons.

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.
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