Source Summary

Use this activity to teach students how to write a concise summary of expository texts. There are five steps to writing this summary. Students should memorize each step and learn how to complete them independently.

Where is this in the Reading Process: Step 5

Explicitly Teach: Explain. Connect. Model. Practice.

Cycle of Independence: I do. We do. They do. You do.

Origin: LiteracyTA adapted a version of a rhetorical precis to make its Source Summary template. The rhetorical precis was developed by Margaret Woodworth and published in 1988 in the article "The Rhetorical Precis," Rhetorical Review.

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Source Summary Step-By-Step Process

Plan your lesson Plan your lesson

Planning Journal

Teach the skill Teach the skill

Student Activity
Interactive Lesson

Differentiate and support learning Differentiate and support learning

Verbs for "Says"
Reading Rubrics

Assess and track growth Assess and track growth

Performance Tracker
Teacher Reflection

Literacy Standards In Action

We've mapped our literacy lessons and reading, speaking, and writing skills to state standards, Common Core, and NGSS. The standards are "the what" to teach. Our lessons are "the how" to meet the expectations defined by the standards. Click on the links below to view our quick reference table that maps standards to literacy lessons.

Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
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