Rhetorical Precis

Use this activity to teach students how to write a concise summary of an argument. There are three main sections in a Rhetorical Precis: 1) the argument; 2) a description of the text structure; and 3) a statement of purpose and significance.

Where is this in the Reading Process: Step 5

Explicitly Teach: Explain. Connect. Model. Practice.

Cycle of Independence: I do. We do. They do. You do.

Origin: The rhetorical precis was developed by Margaret Woodworth and published in 1988 in the article "The Rhetorical Precis," Rhetorical Review. LiteracyTA has adapted the precis to include additional summary features.

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Rhetorical Precis Step-By-Step Process

Plan your lesson Plan your lesson

Planning Journal

Teach the skill Teach the skill

Interactive Lesson

Differentiate and support learning Differentiate and support learning

Verbs for "Says"
Reading Rubrics

Assess and track growth Assess and track growth

Performance Tracker
Teacher Reflection

Student samples

Sample 1
Sample 2

Literacy Standards In Action

We've mapped our literacy lessons and reading, speaking, and writing skills to state standards, Common Core, and NGSS. The standards are "the what" to teach. Our lessons are "the how" to meet the expectations defined by the standards. Click on the links below to view our quick reference table that maps standards to literacy lessons.

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.
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