Building a Reading and Writing Plan

A Reading and Writing Plan is an outline that is built from the requirements in a writing prompt or task. The Reading and Writing Plan helps students keep track of all aspects of a prompt and provides a space for students to develop their ideas. Students can use the Reading and Writing plan to outline text-based and free response writing tasks.

A Reading and Writing Plan can also help students think about the types of reading skills they will need to use when responding to a text-dependent prompt. For each requirement in the text-dependent prompt, students have an opportunity to think about the reading skills they will need to use to successfully answer and respond to each part of the prompt.

Where is this in the Reading/Writing Process: Step 1

Explicitly Teach: Explain. Connect. Model. Practice.

Cycle of Independence: I do. We do. They do. You do.

Origin: Jose Lucero--a high school teacher in the Poway Unified School District, San Diego--and Jonathan LeMaster developed the Reading and Writing Plan while working together at El Cajon Valley High School, San Diego.

Need a prompt? Try our Writing Prompt Builder!

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Building a Reading and Writing Plan Step-By-Step Process

Plan your lesson Plan your lesson

Planning Journal

Teach the skill Teach the skill

Student Activity
Interactive Lesson

Differentiate and support learning Differentiate and support learning

R&W Plan Starters
R&W Cloze Activity
Reading Rubrics

Assess and track growth Assess and track growth

Performance Tracker
Teacher Reflection

Student samples

Student Sample Plan

Literacy Standards In Action

We've mapped our literacy lessons and reading, speaking, and writing skills to state standards, Common Core, and NGSS. The standards are "the what" to teach. Our lessons are "the how" to meet the expectations defined by the standards. Click on the links below to view our quick reference table that maps standards to literacy lessons.

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
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