Analyzing Text Structure

Analyzing Text Structure is an analytical reading strategy that readers use to examine text structure; that is, they study how ideas are organized and how that organization contributes to the meaning of a text. Students should learn to analyze text structure in order to gain a deeper understanding of the ideas in a text. Analyzing Text Structure is also a useful strategy for teaching students how to write organized, well-constructed arguments. When students study the choices authors make, they can begin to mimic those choices in their own writing.

Where is this in the Reading/Writing Process: Step 4

Explicitly Teach: Explain. Connect. Model. Practice.

Cycle of Independence: I do. We do. They do. You do.

Origin: Although we cannot point to one person, the work of Linguists like John Swales, rhetoricians (ancient and modern), and text genre experts like Dr. Ann Johns have certainly contributed to what we understand about text structure and rhetorical patterns (or modes).

Want to know how analyzing text structure can help with reading comprehension? Read Michelle L. Bradley's Thesis.

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Analyzing Text Structure Step-By-Step Process

Plan your lesson Plan your lesson

Planning Journal

Teach the skill Teach the skill

Student Activity
Interactive Lesson

Differentiate and support learning Differentiate and support learning

8 Common Verbs
8 Patterns Defined
Identifying Patterns
Sentence Starters
Reading Rubrics

Assess and track growth Assess and track growth

Performance Tracker
Teacher Reflection

Practice skills in all subjects

Analyzing Text Features
Analyzing Patterns
Subject Area Verbs

Literacy Standards In Action

We've mapped our literacy lessons and reading, speaking, and writing skills to state standards, Common Core, and NGSS. The standards are "the what" to teach. Our lessons are "the how" to meet the expectations defined by the standards. Click on the links below to view our quick reference table that maps standards to literacy lessons.

Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and large portions of the text relate to each other and the whole.
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