An eye for an eye?

This lesson focuses on revenge and if it is ever justifiable. You will read a modified version of a classic text by Sir Francis Bacon and discuss his claims in a Socratic Seminar.

By Ms. Olamit
December 8, 2015
8th Grade Social Studies

Writing Prompt

A famous quote from the bible reads "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth," arguing that revenge is necessary to achieve justice. Gandhi, the famous non-violent activist, stated "an eye for an eye leaves the whole world blind." Sir Francis Bacon puts forth his own opinions on revenge in this famous text.

Identify specific claims in "On Revenge." Evaluate if the author's reasoning is sound and if the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims made in the text. To what extent do you agree or disagree with Bacon's claims?

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8th Grade Literacy Standards in Social Studies

This lesson teaches the following grade level appropriate state literacy standards. The cubes provide an abbreviation of the standard name and reference number. Click Add to My Lesson Plans to make a copy of the lesson. Making a copy will allow you to update any information including the literacy standards.

Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacherled) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
Delineate a speaker’s argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and relevance and sufficiency of the evidence and identifying when irrelevant evidence is introduced.
Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 8 Language standards 1 and 3 on page 52 for specific expectations.)
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