CCSS R4 Words in Context

By on December 16, 2013

This week, LiteracyTA has analyzed College and Career Anchor standard R4.

The purpose of analyzing the Common Core literacy standards is to distill them down to a workable list of skills that classroom teachers can teach. Our process can empower teachers with a practical way to break down additional state and local standards/learning outcomes.

Common Core Anchor Standard R3
This week, we are focusing on R4. Since this is the anchor standard, it is the same for both fiction and non-fiction texts.

Marking the Standard

To break down a standard, start with the Marking a Text analytical reading skill. Circle the directive verbs in the standard and underlined what those verbs say our students need to know and do.  

Breaking the Standard into Skills

Once we have isolated the key literacy skills that make up the standard, we can organize them in a simple three column table.

Directive Verb What students need to do Literacy Skills in Skill Library
interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text
determine technical, connotative, and figurative meanings [of words as they are used in text] Making Inferences
analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone Analyzing Diction*NEW

 Here is another way to visually represent the key literacy skills in the standard.

The College and Career Anchor Standard R4 asks students to interpret and analyze words in a text. Students can use the questions in the diagram above to investigate the meaning of words and examine how they are used. We hope that when we break the standard into manageable parts, it becomes easier to understand and teach.

Common Core Tools

To learn more about teaching standard R4, go to our Common Core Reading section. You can also use our Skill-Based Lesson Planner to plan a lesson that explicitly teaches this standard.

Let us know what you think about our Common Core standard break down. Join the conversation and share this page with others. 

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Literacy Standards In Action

We've mapped our literacy lessons and reading, speaking, and writing skills to state standards, Common Core, and NGSS. The standards are "the what" to teach. Our lessons are "the how" to meet the expectations defined by the standards. Click on the links below to view our quick reference table that maps standards to literacy lessons.

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