Previewing and Predicting

One way to enter a text is to preview titles, subtitles, visuals, and other text features and make a prediction about the topic and purpose of the text. The "Previewing and Predicting" strategy will lead students through a series of questions that will help them make an accurate prediction. These predictions help students think about what they already know about the topic. The ability to access prior knowledge helps students develop a critical schema (or cognitive map) that they can use to increase their comprehension.

Supports Common Core Anchor Standards

Literacy Skill Zoom

View the interactive student presentation.
Previewing and Predicting Student Presentation

Step 1: Check In and Review Previewing and Predicting Student Presentation Step 1

Student Presentation

Previewing and Predicting
Check In
Discuss the following questions and record your
answers in your notes.

New to the Skill

  1. What do you know about this skill?
  2. Predict how you might use the skill?
  3. Where have you used it before?

Experience with the Skill

  1. What are the steps to this skill?
  2. Why is this strategy useful?
  3. How does it help you?
  4. How do you use this strategy in other classes?

What Teachers Do

Asks a few questions to assess what students know about the skill.

Teaching Tips

Questions can be answered individually or in pairs/small groups.
Have students use the skill with little to no guidance in order to assess what they know.
Have students explain each step either verbally or in writing.

Step 2: Instructions Previewing and Predicting Student Presentation Step 2

Student Presentation

Previewing and Predicting
Instructions
  1. Survey the text and get a feel for the length and structure.
  2. Scan the title (and subtitles) and make a prediction about the topic.
  3. Analyze all available visuals in the text.
  4. Read the first and last paragraphs and revise your prediction.
  5. Analyze the author/publication information and make a final prediction.
Activity
Guide

Additional Student Activities

History
Science
Math

What Teachers Do

Go over the instructions and explain the activity.

Teaching Tips

Consider modeling how to complete the activity/steps before students do it on their own.
Consider having students complete the activity/steps in pairs or small groups.
Consider printing or projecting the Guide to review with students.
Consider using a timer to pace each activity/step.

Step 3: Set Expectations and Explain Grading Criteria Previewing and Predicting Student Presentation Step 3

Student Presentation

Previewing and Predicting
Expectations
  • Make predictions about the topic, content, and structure.
  • Write your predictions on the text or in your notes.
  • Revise your predictions as you learn new information.
  • When completing the activity, write clearly and in complete sentences.
Rubric

Options for Formative Assessment

Call on random students to share their predictions. This informal assessment takes only a few minutes but can give the teacher valuable information.
Walk around the room and assess what students are doing. This informal assessment takes only a few minutes but can give the teacher valuable information.
Collect student work and use the rubric to assess how they are applying the strategy.
Have students explain how they preview a text.

What Teachers Do

State the expectation for task completion and review how students will be assessed.

Teaching Tips

Consider printing or projecting the rubric and go over grading criteria with students.
Model expectations so that all students are clear on what is expected of them.
Consider having students demonstrate the expectations for their classmates.

Step 4: Model Previewing and Predicting Student Presentation Step 4

Student Presentation

Previewing and Predicting
Samples and Videos
This slide contains samples and
videos to help learn and master this skill.

Samples

Example

What Teachers Do

Use the samples and videos to model the skill and support student learning.

Teaching Tips

Use pre-assessments from Step 1 to drive what is modeled and supported.
Modeling should meet students where they are in the learning process.
Consider asking students to model this work for their classmates.

Step 5: Support Previewing and Predicting Student Presentation Step 5

Student Presentation

Previewing and Predicting
Support
This slide contains support resources and
other materials to help you learn and master this skill.

Support Resources

Prediction Starters

What Teachers Do

Use the resources to support student learning.

Teaching Tips

Consider printing or projecting the language resources.
Explain and demonstrate how to use the language resources.

Step 6: Students reflect on their learning Previewing and Predicting Student Presentation Step 6

Student Presentation

Previewing and Predicting
Reflection
  1. What did we do today (or the past few days)?
  2. What was the purpose of this lesson?
  3. How did this skill (or lesson) help you meet the learning objectives?
  4. How did today’s learning build on what you already know and are able to do?
  5. How will this lesson help you in the future?

What Teachers Do

Close the lesson with a debrief. Give students time to think about and process their learning.

Teaching Tips

Select one or two questions from the menu and have your students discuss the questions in groups of two to four.
Have students write their reflection on a lined piece of paper or in a journal.
Ask students to chart their progress, assess growth, and set new goals for the next lesson.
Strategically select scaffolding techniques to maximize growth.
Rehearse skills as often as possible to ensure students move toward mastery.

College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards

Get moving with the Common Core Standards. The literacy resources on this page help educators implement the following College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards.

R2
Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.

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